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Flora & Fauna

Medicinal Plants
Local name Scientific name Family
Ashokam Saraca indica Fabaceae
Oorila Desmodium gangeticum Fabaceae
Thakara Cassia tora Fabaceae
Shankhu pushpam Clitoria tremoria Fabaceae
Sarpa gandhi Rualfia serpentina Apocynacea
Brahmi Baccoppa morieri Scrophulariacea
Adakkamaniyan Sphaeranthus indicus Compositae
Muyal cheviyan Emilia sonchifolia Compositae
Cheroola Acrva lanata Amarantacea
Neem Azadirachta indica Melacea
Peepul Ficus religiosa Moraceae
Fig Ficus glomorata Moraceae
Castor Ricinus  communis Euphorbiace
Koduvan Centella asiatica Umbellifereae
Azafoitida Ferula assafoetidea Umbellifereae
Bermuda grass Cynodon dactylon Gramineae
Bamboo Bambusa arundinaceae Gramineae
Kurunthotti Sida rhombifolia Malvaceae
Bilwa Aegle marmelos Ruraceae
Thazhuthama Booerhaavia difusa Nyctaginaceae
Clove Syzigium aromaticum  Myrtaceae
Jammoon Syzigium cumini Myrtaceae
Narunnendi Hemidesmus indicus Asclipiadaceae
Pichi Jasminum officianale Oleaceae
Henna Lawsonia inermis Litraceae
Keezhanelli Phyllanthus niruri Euphorbiaceae
Nangiar vattam Ervatamia coronaria Apocynaceae
Kallurukki Scoparia dulcis Scrophulariacea
Vetver Vettiveria zizanioides Gramineae
African malli Eryngium  foetidium Umbellifereae
Ullichedi Adenocalymma alliciae Bignoniaceae
Vaathamkolli Justicia diffusa Acanthaceae
Arrow root Curcuma angustifolia Zingiberaceae
Thippali Piper longum Piperaceae
Borage (panikoorka) Coleus aromaticus Labiatae
Kadaladi Achyranthes aspera Amarataceae
Koduveli Plumbago indica Plumbaginaceae
Erukke Calotropis gigantea Asclepiadacecae
Mint Mentha arvensis Labiatae
Vellilathali Mussaenda frondosa Rubiaceae
Chathuramulla Myxopyrum serrantulum Rubiaceae
Lemongrass  Cymbopopgon citratus Gramineae
Black Nightshade Solanum  nigrum Solanaceae
Muthanga Cyperus rotundus Cyperaceea
Puliyaral Oxalis corniculata Oxalidaceae
Tridax Tridax procumbens Compositae
Asparagus Asparagus officianalis Liliaceae

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Farm Produce
Category Local Name Scientific name family
Cereal Rice Oryza sativam Gramineae
Fruits Jack Artocarpus integrifolia Moraceae
  Breadfruit Artocarpus communis Moracea
  Pineapple Ananas comosus Bromeliaceae
  Guava Psidium guajava Myrtacea
  Water apple Syzigium samarange Myrtaceae
  Mangostine Garcinia mangostana Guttiferae
  Avacado Persia americana Lauraceae
  Plantain Musa Paradisiaca Musaceae
  Chicoo Archas sapota Sapotacecae
  Bulls heart Anona reticulata Anonaceae
  Musambi Citrus sinensis Rutaceae
  Pappaya Carica papaya Caricaceae
  Pomegranate Punica granatum Punicaceae
  Odichkuthi Citrus limon Rutaceae
  Lime Citrus aurantifolia Rutaceae
Irumpenpuli Averrhoa bilimbi Oxalidaceae
Veggies Snake gourd Trichosanthes anguina Cucurbitaceae
  Bitter gourd Momordica charantia Cucurbitaceae
  Bottle gourd Lagenaria vulgaris Cucurbitaceae
  Ridge gourd Lufa acutanguh Cucurbitaceae
  Pumpkin Cucurbita maxima Cucurbitaceae
  Koval Coccinia indica Cucurbitaceae
  Ash gourd Benincasa cerifera Cucurbitaceae
  Curry cucumber Cucumis melo  var. conomo Cucurbitaceae
  Salad .cucumber Cucumis sativus Cucurbitaceae
  Drum stick Abelmoshus esculentus Malvaceae
  Mysore cheera Sauropus androgynus Euphorbiaceae
  Keera Amarantus blitum Amaranthaceae
  Mullan keera Amarantus spinosa Amaranthaceae
  Red keera Amarantus oleraceus Amaranthaceae
  Bringal Solanum melongena Solanaceae
  Cow pea (Achinga) Vigna unguiculata Fabaceae
  Green gram Phasiolus aurius Fabaceae
Tubers Cassava/Tapioca Manihot utiisim Euphorbiaceae
  Colacasia Colacasia esulenta Araceae
  Elephant yam Amorphophalus companulatus Araceae
  Country potatoe Coleus tuberosus Labiateae
Nuts Cashew Anacardium occidetale Anacardiaceae
  Coconut Cocos nucifera Palmae
Spices Ginger  Zingiber officianalis Zingiberaceae
  Mango Ginger Curcuma amanda Zingiberaceae
  Turmeric Curcuma domestica Zingiberaceae
  Kasturi manjal Curcuma aromatica Zingiberaceae
  Nutmeg Myristic fragrance Myristicaceae
  Cardamom Elattaria cradamonum Zingiberaceae
  Chillies Capsicum sp Solanaceae
  Bird chilli Capsicum  frutescens Solanaceae
  Curry leaf Murraya koenigi Rutaceae
  Pepper Piper nigrum Piperaceae
  Vanilla Vanilla penifolia Orchidaceae
  Allspice Pimento officinalis Myrtaceae
Oil Seed Gingelly Sesamum indicum Pedaliaceae

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Other Vegetation
Local Name Sc. name family
Konna Gyiricidia maculata Papilionaceae
Aanjili Artocarpus.hirsutus Moraceae
Ambazham Spondia pinnata Anacardiaceae
Chethi Ixora coccinea Rubiaceae
Jasmine Jasminum sambai Oleaceae
Hydrangia Hydrangia hortensis Hydrangiaceae
Painter's pallet Anthurium andreanum Araceae
Mullu venga Brindalia retusa Euphorbiacea
Heliconia ® Heliconia psittacorum Musaceae
Heliconia (y) Heliconia latispata  
Begonia  Begonia malabarica Begoniaceae
Kalase Odina wodier Anacadiaceae
Cannon ball Couroupita guianensis  Lecynthidaceae
Casuarina Casuarina equisetifolia Casuarinaceae
Nettle Laportea crenulata Urticaceae
Chorinnum Girardina heterophylla  
Communist pacha Eupatorium odoratum Compositae
Fig Ficus carica  Moraceae
Amaltash Cassia fistula Ceasalpiniaceae
Thumba Leucas aspera Labiatae
Lilly Allium albopilosum  Alliaceae
Misletoe Loranthus falcata Loranthaceae
Mahogany Swietenia mahagoni Meliaceae
Kumbil Gmelina arborea  Verbenacea
Mango Mangifera indica Anacadiaceae
Marigold Calendula officianalis Compositae
Koduveli Plumbago indica Plumbaginaceae
Money plant Philodendron scandens Araceae
Rajamalli Poinciana pulcherrima Ceasalpiniaceae
Shavam naari Vinca rosea Apocynacecae
Paarijatham Nyctanthes   arbor-tritis Oleaceae
Roseweed Dalbergia latifolia Fabiaceae
Touch me not Mimisa pudica Mimosasceae
Hibiscus Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Malvaceae
Arecnut Areca catechu Palmae
Teak Tectona grandis  Verbenaceae
Water lilly Nymphaea nouchali Nymphaeceae
Kongini Lantana camera Verbenacea
Crotons Codiaeum variegatum Euphorbiaceae
Staghorn fern Platicerium bifurcatum Polypodiaceae

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The fauna that has habitat in the farm and the surroundings are typically that of tropical plains and consists of butterflies, moths, crickets, wide variety of ants, wasps, hornets, bees, spiders , variety of insects, mouse mole , bandicoot rats, centipedes, millipedes, scorpions snails, frogs, toads, lizards, salamanders ,squirrels, rabbits, mongoose. The snake population is typical and consists of water snakes, rat snakes, kraits, vipers and cobras. Rat snakes and water snakes are the most commonly seen ones. It quite some time since any of the poisonous ones have been sited in the farm.

The Bird population requires elaboration.


  Birds in the  locality
Common Name Sc. Name  
Little Erget Ergetta garzetta Recently sited
Paddy Bird Ardeola garyii  
Cattle erget  Babulcus ibis  
Water hen Amaurrniso phoenicurus  
Did he do it Vanellus indicus  
Little stint Calidris minuta  
Blue rock pigeon Columba livia  
Emrald dove Chalcophaps indica  
India parakeet Psittacula capatria  
Koel Eudynamys scolopacea  
Crow pheasant Centropus sinensis  
Pied crested cuckoo Clamator jacobinus  
Blue throated Barbet Megalaima asiatica  
Blue kingfisher Alcedo atthis  
Woodpecker Micropiernus brachyurus  
Skylark Alauda gulgula  
King Crow Dicrurus adsimillis  
Racket tailed Drongo Dicurus pardiseus  
Black headed oriole Oriolus xanthornus  
Myna Acridotheres tristis   
Crow  Corvus slendens  
Tree Pie Dendrocitta vagabunda  
Grey Tit Parus major  
Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus  
Magpie Copsychus sauraris  
Wagtail  Motocilla maderaspatesis  
House sparrow Passer domesticus  

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Down memory lane…

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In the mid 1800s Annamma and Thoma Yohannan Chennakkattu, set foot in the village of Aikaranadu North at the south western tip of peninsular India, then an ever green forest where some of the big cats and other wild life roamed. ...... Learn more...

Gallery

Watch photogallery of our farm

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